At this IX and Wine, we’ll be discussing how ATIXA is incorporating a formal Violence Risk Assessment (VRA) step into its new 1P2P model and how Title IX Coordinators can add this intentional and important step to initial assessments to aid in ten critical and/or required determinations:
- Emergency removal of a Respondent on the basis of immediate threat to health/safety;
- Whether the Title IX Coordinator should pursue/sign a formal complaint absent a willing/able Complainant;
- Whether to put the investigation on the footing of incident and/or pattern and/or climate;
- To help identify potential predatory conduct;
- To help assess/identify grooming behaviors;
- Whether a Complaint is amenable to informal resolution, and what modality may be most successful;
- Whether to permit a voluntary withdrawal by the Respondent;
- Whether to impose transcript notation or communicate with a transfer institution about a Respondent;
- Assessment of appropriate sanctions/remedies;
- Whether a Clery Act Timely Warning/Trespass order/Persona-non-grata is needed.
Threat assessment is the process of assessing the actionability of violence from an individual to another person or group following the issuance of a direct or conditional threat. A Violence Risk Assessment (VRA) is a broader term used to assess any potential violence or danger, regardless of the presence of a vague, conditional, or direct threat. VRA’s require specific training and are typically conducted by psychologists, clinical counselors, social workers, case managers, law enforcement officers, student conduct officers, or other Behavioral Intervention Team (BIT)/CARE team members. A VRA authorized by the Title IX Coordinator should occur in collaboration with the BIT, CARE or threat assessment team. A VRA is not an evaluation for an involuntary behavioral health hospitalization (e.g. 5150 in California, Section XII in Massachusetts, Baker Act in Florida), nor is it a psychological or mental health assessment. A VRA assesses the risk of actionable violence, often with a focus on targeted/predatory escalations and is supported by research from the fields of law enforcement, criminology, human resources, and psychology.